People of Detroit:
Etienne Venyard, Sieur du Bourgmont
In 1706, Cadillac left Bourgmont in charge of Fort Ponchartrain while he traveled to Montreal and Quebec. One day, an Ottawa man was bitten by the dog of a Native of a different tribe. (Woodford and Stark say: a curious Ottawa man was looking around outside Bourgmont's quarters. Bourgmont's dog bit the man...) The Ottawa man kicked the dog in retaliation. Bourgmont heard the dog howl and upon finding the Ottawa man, beat him unconscious. (Burton says no serious trouble developed from the biting incident; other sources report the trouble between the Miamies and Ottawas, but do not link it to Bourgmont in any way).
When other Ottawas heard of the offense, they were angered (and drunk according to some sources). They took their aggressions out on a group of Miamis camped nearby. Feeling a need to protect the Miamis, Bourgmont ordered soldiers to fire on the Ottawas. Many were killed, others fled.
On their way out of the village, the remaining Ottawas murdered Father [Nicholas] Constantin del Halle (Dehalle?). He was killed on June 6, 1706 and is believed to be Detroit's first murder victim.
Stark (City of Destiny) says that a soldier named Riviere, was also killed by the fleeing Ottawas, prompting Bourgmont to close the fort gates and order a further attack on the Ottawas, resulting in fifteen Ottawa deaths. Miquelon (New France 1701-1744) does not mention the incident with the dog. He says that the Ottawa felt the French were plotting against them and that they attacked a Miami village, killing 6 people. He goes on to say thay Bourgmont then ordered the garrison and/or the Miamis to open fire on the Ottawa. They did so, killing 30 of them, as well as, del Halle and a solider.
Bourgmont left the settlement, along with a few soldiers and a woman named Tichenet (his girlfriend? mistress?) before Cadillac returned. The group camped on the shores of Lake Erie where they pursued by officials sent by Cadillac. Only one was arrested, he was tried and shot. The others escaped.
Despite earlier misjudgments and bad decisions, Bourgmont went on to form a good relationship with some Native Americans on the Missouri River. In 1718, he wrote to the court in France asking for 2,000 livres to buy gifts for the Native Americans. The request was denied, however, on August 12, 1720, Bourgmont was commissioned to lead an expedition to make peace with the Native Americans of New Mexico and to estabish a post on the Missouri River. He founded Fort of Orleans, but it was abandoned two years later.