People of Detroit

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J. Cabasie

Active French citizen in British Detroit in the late 1760's.

Joseph Cabassier

Owner of farm on St. Louis near present day 12th and 13th Streets. The farm adjoined Laferte's farm. Second husband of Angelique Bienvenue.

Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac, Sieur de Douaguet and Mont Desert

Born: 03-05-1658
Died: 10-16-1730

Founder of Fort Ponchartrain (Detroit).

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Francois Cadillac

Born: 03-27-1709

11th child of Cadillac. Born in Detroit.

Jacques Cadillac

Born: 03-16-1695

4th child of Cadillac. Born in Quebec.

Jean Antoine Cadillac

Born: 01-19-1707
Died: 1709

9th child of Cadillac. Born in Detroit.

Joseph Cadillac

13th child of Cadillac.

Judith Cadillac

Born: 1689

1st child of Cadillac. Born in Port Royal (Annapolis, Nova Scotia)

Magdelene Cadillac

2nd child of Cadillac

Marianne Cadillac

Born: 06-07-1701
Died: 1701

6th child of Cadillac. Born in Quebec

Marie Agathe Cadillac

Born: 12-28-1707

10th child of Cadillac. Born in Detroit.

Marie Therese Cadillac

Born: 02-02-1704
Died: 1753

8th child of Cadillac. Born in Detroit. First child baptized in Detroit (Fort Ponchartrain)

Marie Therese (Guyon) Cadillac

Madame

Born: 1671
Died: 1740 (1746?)

Wife of Antoine Cadillac. First non-Native American woman in Detroit.

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Pierre Denis Cadillac

Born: 06-13-1699
Died: 1700

5th child of Cadillac. Born in Quebec.

Rene Louis Cadillac

Born: 03-17-1710
Died: 1714

12th child of Cadillac. Was born in Detroit; buried in Quebec.

Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac (II)

Ensign

Born: 04-26-1692

3rd child of Cadillac. Born in Quebec

Claude Campau

Signed a petition supporting the election of Philip Dejean as judge and justice of Detroit.

Jacques Campau

Held lot #60 of the original 68 land grants Cadillac made to private individuals from March 1707 to June 1710.

Jacques Campau

In 1763, Major Robert Rogers and his men regrouped at Campau's farm after the Battle of Bloody Run. Campau lived on Belle Isle in 1768 when the island was sold to George McDougall.

Jean Bte. Campau

He also served as a notary in British Fort Detroit, serving French settlers there.

Michel Campau

Held lot #18 of the original 68 land grants Cadillac made to private individuals from March 1707 to June 1710.

Simon Campau

Signed a petition supporting the election of Philip Dejean as judge and justice of Detroit.

Donald Campbell

Died: 1763

1st commandant of Fort Ponchartrain under British rule (12/23/1760).

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John Campbell

Lieutenant-Colonel

Fifth official commandant of British Fort Detroit

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Guy Carleton

Governor of Canada

Governor of Canada in 1769 through at least 1775 but not beyond 1779.

Jacques Cartier

Born: 1491
Died: 1557

Discovered the St. Lawrence River. Claimed the Canadian territory for France.

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James Casety

Voted in Detroit's first election in 1768. Sent to Quebec as a prisoner for "sympathizing" with the US during the Revolutionary War.

Lewis Cass

1st High Priest of the Monroe Chapter #1 RAM of the Capitular Masonry.

Jean Casse

Held lot #46 of the original 68 land grants Cadillac made to private individuals from March 1707 to June 1710.

Robert Cavalier, Sieur de LaSalle

Born: 11-21-1643
Died: 03-19-1687

Explorer. One-time commander of Fort Frontenac. Founder of Fort Crevecoeur (near present day La Salle, IL). "Discovered" the mouth of the Mississippi. Claimed the Louisiana Territory for France.

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Jerome Cavanagh

Mayor

65th Mayor of the City of Detroit (1962-1970).

Catherine Eury (de Parelle) Celoron

Second wife of Pierre Joseph Celoron, ninth commandant of Fort Ponchartrain.

Helen Picote (de Belestre) Celoron

Mother of Pierre Joseph Celoron, ninth commandant of Fort Ponchartrain.

Jean Baptiste Celoron

Father of Pierre Joseph Celoron, ninth commandant of Fort Ponchartrain.

Marie Madeleine (Blondeau) Celoron

1st wife of Pierre Joseph Celoron, ninth commandant of Fort Ponchartrain.

Marie Madeleine Celoron

Daughter of Pierre Joseph Celoron, ninth commandant of Fort Ponchartrain, and Catherine Eury de La Parelle.

Pierre Joseph Celoron, Sieur de Blainville

Died: 04-12-1759

Ninth and eleventh official commandant of Fort Ponchartrain.

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Chabert

Detroit settler whose estate was the subject of concern due to moneys owed to creditors and the lack of a probate court.

M.H. Chamberlain

Born: 11-05-1842

41st Mayor of the City of Detroit (1886-1887)

Zachariah Chandler

Born: 12-10-1813
Died: 11-01-1879

25th Mayor of the City of Detroit (1851-1852)

Pierre Chantelon

Held lot #21 of the original 68 land grants Cadillac made to private individuals from March 1707 to June 1710.

Marshall Chapin

Born: 02-27-1798
Died: 12-26-1838

7th and 9th Mayor of the City of Detroit (1831; 1833). Established Detroit's first drugstore.

Alexis Chapoton

B. Chapoton

Citizen of British Detroit.

Joseph Chapoton

On March 7, 1761, Joseph had a will drawn up in the presence of the notary and witnesses.

Magdelaine Chapoton

Died: 01-05-1763

Sister of Joesph Chapoton. Wife of Gabriel Legrand (married around 1758).

Charconacle (Chacornacle?)

Lieutenant

An officer of Cadillac's. Was a member of the Fort Ponchartrain founding party.

Pierre Francois Xavier Charlevoix

Was instrumental in the founding of the Huron Mission in present day Windsor.

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Andre Chauvet

Born: 1670

Andre Chauvet dit Camiran was born in France around 1670 in the region of Guyenne (now Aquitaine). He was baptized in the church of St-Pierre in the village of Camiran, in the wine-producing ''Entre-Deux-Mers'' area, upstream from Bordeaux on the Garonne river.

Andre was a ''sergent des troupes de la Marine'' when he arrived in Fort Pontchartrain in 1703. There he met Anne Pastourel dit Lafranchise, a young widow with two children, who had been hired as a midwife to Cadillac's wife. Andre and Anne eventually married in Montreal (July 17th 1707) and returned to live in Fort Pontchartrain for a few years. Two sons were born there, Pierre and Andre. The family left sometime between 1711 and 1714 and settled in Trois-Rivieres were Andre became a cabaretier (pub owner). This is a very fitting occupation since the Chauvet family is still in the wine business to this day in the region of Camiran.

Andre, whose surname is sometimes misspelled ''Chovet'' (and was for a long time misspelled ''Chouet'' on this very site), held lot #02 (on Rue Ste. Anne) of the original 68 land grants Cadillac made to private individuals from March 1707 to June 1710.

[A big ''thank you'' goes out to Anne Camirand, Ph.D., a descendant of Andre Chauvet dit Camiran, for providing much of this information and for giving me the correct spelling of the name Chauvet.]

Isidore Chene

Voted in Detroit's first election in 1768.

Louis Antoine Chenonvoizon (Cheauonvouzon?)

Born: 1659
Died: 04-27-1707

AKA Quarante Sols (Chenonvoizon is his baptized name). Wyandot (Huron) Chief.

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Pierre Chesne

Held lot #01 of the original 68 land grants Cadillac made to private individuals from March 1707 to June 1710.

Daniel Chester

Artist of Russell A. Alger Fountain

Robert Chevalier de Beauchene

A member of Cadillac's Detroit-founding party. Chevalier's adventure were written by a man named le Sage in 1745.

George R. Chittenden

One of thirty leading Detroit citizens deported by General Proctor for criticizing the General's actions during the War of 1812.

James Chittenden

One of thirty leading Detroit citizens deported by General Proctor for criticizing the General's actions during the War of 1812.

Jean Baptiste Chornic

Held lot #45 of the original 68 land grants Cadillac made to private individuals from March 1707 to June 1710.

Cicot

Active French citizen in British Detroit in the late 1760's.

Francois Clairambault, d'Aigremont

Inspector of the western posts. Investigated matter with Bourgmont at Fort Ponchartrain.

James Hill Clark

Trader murdered by Jean Myer at the Maumee River.

William Claus

Major

Interim commandant of British Fort Detroit in 1792.

Albert Cobo

Mayor

63rd Mayor of the City of Detroit (1950-1957).

George Codd

Mayor

46th Mayor of Detroit (1905-1906).

Thomas Colhoon

Was ordered by Henry Boquet to take supplies to and start a trade business in Detroit in 1760. Couldn't comply due to bad weather.

Bonnaventure Compien dit L'Esperance

Held lot #07 of the original 68 land grants Cadillac made to private individuals from March 1707 to June 1710.

John Congsett

One of thirty leading Detroit citizens deported by General Proctor for criticizing the General's actions during the War of 1812.

John Connolly

Was promised command of Detroit at the outbreak of the Revolution - he never assumed the post.

Jean Baptiste Contencineau

Figure of some controversy. Was involved in an arson charge. Was hanged, along with an African-American woman who was sentenced to be his executioner.

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Levi Cook

Born: 12-16-1792
Died: 12-02-1866

8th and 12th Mayor of the City of Detroit (1832; 1835-1836).

Courcelles

Governor of New France 1669

Frank Couzens

Mayor

59th Mayor of the City of Detroit (1933-1938).

James Couzens

Mayor

50th Mayor of the City of Detroit (1919-1922).

J.B. Craite

Official sent from Quebec in 1780 to appraise the McDougall holdings on Belle Isle.

Ann Crane

Wife of FJB Crane

FJB Crane

Landowner

Croghan

Antoine Crozat

Acting Governor of Louisiana in Cadillac's absence.

Alexis Cuillerier

Man accused of drowning the child of James Fisher in 1763. He was banished from Detroit, then called back when the accusation was proven false.

Abraham Cuyler

Lieutenant

Led a party from Niagara with supplies for Fort Detroit. Were attacked en route by a faction of Pontiac's "army". Cuyler and nearly half of the 96 men escaped.

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Glossary:
Algonquin

General term used to describe Native Americans of the following tribes (and others): Delaware, Fox, Huron, Miami, Ojibwa (Chippewa), Ottawa, Potawatomi, Sac, Shawnee and Winnebago.
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Glossary:
arquebus

A 39 pound (approximate) musket that two men would prop on a tri-pod and fire with a small torch. The arquebus was used by Champlain's men against the Iroquois to defend the Hurons. This may be the cause of decades of Iroquois abuse of the Hurons.
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Glossary:
clay and wattle

Building technique used in the construction of chimneys in the early days of Fort Ponchartrain. The technique involved piling sticks and packing them - inside and out - with clay and mud.
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Glossary:
Colbertism

Name for early French mercantilism in America, which Jean-Baptiste Colbert was influential in developing.
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Glossary:
conges

Trade permits issued by the Canadian government/court of France in the late 1600s to early 1700s.
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Glossary:
coureurs de bois

Very early French inhabitants of the current US and Canada who gave up their farmsteads for lives in the fur trade. They often lived with Native Americans.
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Glossary:
District of Hesse

Land district provisioned by the Canadian Council on July 24, 1788. The area was on the east side of the Detroit River.
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Glossary:
Fox

"Properly ""Mesh-kwa-ki-hug"". Native American tribe living in the area between Saginaw Bay and Thunder Bay at the time Detroit was founded. The French called the tribe Renyard. An allied tribe of the Sacs and Mascoutin."
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Glossary:
Huron

A Native American tribe that built a village near Fort Ponchartrain.
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Glossary:
Iroquoian

General term sometimes used to describe Native Americans of the following tribes: Cayuga, Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, and Seneca.
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Glossary:
Iroquois

"A Native American tribe known for antagonizing and brutalizing the Hurons (see also arquebus)"
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Glossary:
Mascouten

Native American tribe living in the Grand Traverse Bay area at the time Detroit was founded. An allied tribe of the Foxes and Sacs. Also spelled Mascoutin.
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Glossary:
Miami

A Native American tribe that built a village near Fort Ponchartrain.
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Glossary:
Muskhogean

General term used to describe Native Americans of the following tribes: Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, and Creek.
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Glossary:
New York Currency

First standard currency used in Detroit (first used in 1765).
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Glossary:
Ottawa

A Native American tribe that built a village near Fort Ponchartrain.
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Glossary:
Outagamies

Native American tribe living in the Grand Traverse Bay area at the time Detroit was founded. An allied tribe of the Foxes (and Sacs?).
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Glossary:
Plains Indians

General term used to describe Native Americans of the following tribes: Apache, Arapaho, Cheyenne, Comanche, Kiowa, and Pawnee (Pani).
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Glossary:
Potawatomi

A Native American tribe that built a village near Fort Ponchartrain.
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Glossary:
Quebec Act

Act of June 22, 1774, in which British Parliament decides to exercise English law in criminal cases and old French provincial law in civil cases in western settlements. The idea was to discourage people from settling in the west.
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Glossary:
Renyard

See Fox
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Glossary:
ribbon farms

Original land grants given by Cadillac. The lots were typically around 200 feet wide at the river front, with lengths up to 3 miles.
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Glossary:
Sac

See Sauk
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Glossary:
Sakis

See Sauk
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Glossary:
Sauk

Native American tribe living in the area between Saginaw Bay and Thunder Bay at the time Detroit was founded. The French called the tribe Sakis; English and Americans generally call them Sacs. An allied tribe of the Foxes/Renyards and Mascouten.
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Glossary:
Shoshonean

General term used to describe Native Americans of the following tribes: Bannock and Shoshone.
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Glossary:
Treaty of Montreal

Treaty ending the war between the Iroquois and France and England. Negotiations began in July of 1698 and the treaty was signed in August of 1701.
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Glossary:
Treaty of Ryswick

September 20, 1697 treaty ending war between France and England.
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Glossary:
voyageurs

Early French explorers who traveled mainly by water.