People of Detroit

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D'Argenteuil

M.

Held lot #09 of the original 68 land grants Cadillac made to private individuals from March 1707 to June 1710. An officer of Cadillac's.

Ruette D'Auteuil

Procurer-General of the High Council.

Claudius (Claude) Dablon

French Jesuit who helped found Sault Ste. Marie. Served as Superior of all missions in the west. Compiled the Jesuit Relations from 1672-79.

Dalzell

Captain

Along with Major Robert Rogers, Dalzell was able to get supplies to Detroit during Pontiac's war.

Jacques Pierre Daneau, Sieur de Muy

Born: 1695
Died: 05-18-1758

Twelfth official commandant of Fort Ponchartrain

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Touissaints Dardennes

Held lot #55 of the original 68 land grants Cadillac made to private individuals from March 1707 to June 1710.

Simon Daumont, Sieur de St. Lusson

Represented King Louis at a celebration of France's formally taking possession of the Great Lakes region in 1671.

Robert Davers

Sir

Resident of British Fort Detroit. Led a survey team to Lake St. Cliar in 1763. Was murdered with the rest of his team by Pontiac's army.

George de Baptiste

Got involved in the Underground Railroad in 1838. Came to Detroit in 1846. Helped organize the First Michigan Colored Regiment during the Civil War.

de Beauharnois, Governor of New France

Marquis

Governor of New France from 1726-1747

Marie Picote de Belestre

Born: 1677
Died: 10-09-1729

Father of a Fort Ponchartrain commandant, Belestre is often cited as a commandant himself. He may have filled in for Tonty, but was never commandant.

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Marie Picote de Belestre (II)

Born: 1719
Died: 1793

Last French commandant of Fort Ponchartrain.

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Louis de Buade, Comte de Frontenac (et Palluau?)

Governor of New France in 1690

Died: 1698

Governor of New France 1672 - 1682 and 1684(89?) - 1698

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Hector Louis de Callieres, Governor of New France

Chevalier

Born: 1648

Governor of New France from 1698 or 1699 to at 1703 (Burton says at least until 1710).

Dollier de Casson

Father

Born: 1620

Sulpician priest who passed through the Detorit area in 1670.

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Jean Bochart de Champigny

Intendant le Chevalier

Intendant of Canada from 1686 - 1702.

Samuel de Champlain, Governor of New France

Born: 1582
Died: 12-25-1635

Governor of New France 1612-1619 and 1633-1635. Also known as the "Father of New France". Founded Quebec in 1608.

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de Denonville

Marquis

Governor of New France in 1688

Brehant

Father

Sulpician priest who passed through the Detorit area in 1670.

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Bartholomey de Gregoire

Cousin and husband of Marie Therese Cadillac (grand-daughter of Cadillac)

Vaillant de Gueslis

Father

Jesuit priest who accompanied Cadillac on his trip to found a settlement along the Detroit River. He ended up leaving the settlement because of a dispute with Cadillac regarding Cadillac's encouraging his men to marry Native American women.

de la Epinay

Dauphin de la Forest

Born: 1648
Died: 10-16-1714

Took temporary control of Fort Ponchartrain on September 25, 1705. Was commissioned to replace Cadillac in 1712 but refused due to his age and health. Despite his age, he did hold the post from 1712-14.

Dominique de la Marche

Sulpician priest at Fort Ponchartrain who replaced Father del Halle after his murder.

Louis de la Porte, Sieur de Louvigny

Died: 08-27-1725

Some sources name Louvigny as Tonty's successor as commandant of Fort Ponchartrain. He never held that post. He was (very briefly) a member of Cadillac's garrison.

de la Rane

An officer of Cadillac's.

Armand de la Richardie

Father

Was sent to the Detroit area by the Jesuit order of Quebec in 1728 to found a mission for the Hurons.

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Fafard de Lorme

Held lot #28 of the original 68 land grants Cadillac made to private individuals from March 1707 to June 1710. Native American translator. One of the very first people to whom Cadillac granted land outside of the village borders.

Jean Fafard de Lorme

Native American translator

Jacob de Marsac (de Cobrion?), Sieur de L'Omnesprou

Sergeant

Held lot #30 of the original 68 land grants Cadillac made to private individuals from March 1707 to June 1710. Part of Cadillac's party which established Fort Ponchartrain.

Jacob de Marsac dit Desrocher

Held lot #08 of the original 68 land grants Cadillac made to private individuals from March 1707 to June 1710.

Catherine (Daillebout) de Noyan

Wife of Charvis, the eighth official commandant of Fort Ponchartrain.

Pierre Louis de Noyan

Son of Charvis, the eighth official commandant of Fort Ponchartrain.

Pierre Jacques Payan de Noyan, Sieur de Charvis (or Charvois)

Born: 11-03-1695

8th official commandant of Fort Ponchartrain (1739-1742)

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Jeanne de Pechagut

Cadillac's mother

Arent Schuyler de Peyster

Colonel

Born: 06-27-1736
Died: 11-02-1832

11th official commandant of British Fort Detroit (1779-1784).

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Claude de Ramezay, Governor of Montreal

Philippe de Rigaud, Marquis de Vaudreuil

Governor

Calliere's successor as Governor of New France (10/20/1703 (or 1705) - 10/10/1725)

Jean Baptist de St. Ours, Sieur des Chaillons (Deschaillons)

Born: 1670
Died: 06-09-1747

Fifth commandant of Fort Ponchartrain.

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Marguerite (La Guardeur) de St. Ours

Wife of Jean Baptist de St. Ours, fifth commandant of Fort Ponchartrain.

Alphonse de Tonty

Captain

Died: 1727

Second in command to Cadillac at the founding of Fort Ponchartrain to 1705. In 1720 he became commandant and served until 1727.

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Henry de Tonty

Lieutenant

La Salle's Lieutenant on the Griffon

Marianne (la Marque) de Tonty

Daughter of Francois la Marque. Was the 2nd wife of Alphonse de Tonty (he was her 3rd husband). 1st husband - JB Nolan. 2nd husband - Antoine de Fresnel (Fruel?)

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Marie-Anne (Picote de Belestre) de Tonty

Madame

Alphonse de Tonty's first wife. NOT the wife he had in Detroit. There is much confusion here.

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Therese de Tonty

Daughter of Alphonse and Marianne de Tonty. First non-Native child born in Detroit (Fort Ponchartrain)

Angelique Cuillerier deBeaubien

French woman who may have indirectly informed Major Gladwin of Pontiac's plan to attack Detroit in 1763. Engaged to (or dating) James Sterling.

Jay William Henry deBeaubien

Jay William Henry deBeaubien was a descendent of the Beaubien family for whom Beaubien Street was named. His son, Philip F. deBeaubien, was once the publisher of the Detroit Times. -- Special thanks to Suzette deBeaubien Brown, granddaughter of Jay William Henry Hesse, for this information.

Philip F deBeaubien

Philip F. deBeaubien was once the publisher of the Detroit Times. He was the son of Jay William Henry deBeaubien, descendant of the well-known Beaubien family. -- Special thanks to Suzette deBeaubien Brown, daughter of Philip F. Beaubien, for this information.

Philip (Philippe?) Dejean

Chief justice, notary, and sheriff at Fort Detroit from 1768 to ?

Philip (Philippe?) Dejean (II)

Born: 1774

Son of Philip Dejean and Marie Louisa Augier.

Nicholas Constantin del Halle

Father

Died: 06-10-1706

Recollet priest who accompanied Cadillac on his trip to found a settlement along the Detroit River.

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Edwin Denby

Born: 1870
Died: 1929

Marine private during WWI, congressman, business man, and Secretary of the Navy.

Cherubin Deniau

Came to Fort Ponchartrain in 1706 to help Father de la Marche.

Derance

Held lot #40 of the original 68 land grants Cadillac made to private individuals from March 1707 to June 1710.

Joseph des Noyelles (or Desnoyelles), of Crecy

Father of Nicolas Joseph des Noyelles, unofficial commandant of Fort Ponchartrain from 1736 to 1739.

Nicolas Joseph des Noyelles (or Desnoyelles)

Born: 1694

Unofficial commandant of Fort Ponchartrain from 1736 to 1739.

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Catherine Gertrude (Macard) Deschamps

Mother of Fort Ponchartrain's sixth commandant, Louis Henry Deschamps, Sieur de Boishebert.

Genevieve (de Ramezay) Deschamps

Wife of Fort Ponchartrain's sixth commandant, Louis Henry Deschamps, Sieur de Boishebert. Daughter of Claude de Ramezay.

Jean Baptist Deschamps

Died: 1703?

Father of Fort Ponchartrain's sixth commandant, Louis Henry Deschamps, Sieur de Boishebert.

Jeanne Marguerite (Chevalier) Deschamps

2nd wife of Jean Baptist Deschamps.

Louis Henry Deschamps, Sieur de Boishebert

Born: 02-08-1679
Died: 06-06-1736

Sixth commandant of Fort Ponchartrain

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Desloriers

Held lot #32 of the original 68 land grants Cadillac made to private individuals from March 1707 to June 1710.

Peter Desnoyers

One of thirty leading Detroit citizens deported by General Proctor for criticizing the General's actions during the War of 1812.

Joseph Despre

Held lot #04 of the original 68 land grants Cadillac made to private individuals from March 1707 to June 1710.

John Dicks

One of thirty leading Detroit citizens deported by General Proctor for criticizing the General's actions during the War of 1812.

Claude L'Esprit dit Champagne

Father of Catherine L'Esprit.

Louis Veziere dit Laferte

Owner of farm on St. Louis near present day 12th and 13th Streets. The farm adjoined Cabassier's farm.

Michel Dizier (Disier)

Held lot #29 of the original 68 land grants Cadillac made to private individuals from March 1707 to June 1710.

John Dodge

Frank Doremus

Mayor

52nd Mayor of the City of Detroit (1923-1924).

du Figuier

Held lot #41 of the original 68 land grants Cadillac made to private individuals from March 1707 to June 1710. An officer of Cadillac's.

Antoine du Fresne

Held lot #44 of the original 68 land grants Cadillac made to private individuals from March 1707 to June 1710.

Jacques du Moulin

Held lot #34 of the original 68 land grants Cadillac made to private individuals from March 1707 to June 1710.

Pierre du Roy

Held lot #50 of the original 68 land grants Cadillac made to private individuals from March 1707 to June 1710.

Salomon Joseph du Vestin

Held lot #05 of the original 68 land grants Cadillac made to private individuals from March 1707 to June 1710.

Dugne (Dugue?)

Lieutenant

An officer of Cadillac's. Was a member of the Fort Ponchartrain founding party.

William C. Duncan

Born: 05-18-1820
Died: 05-20-1875

32nd Mayor of the City of Detroit (1862-1863)

Antoine Dupuis dit Beauregard

Held lot #14 of the original 68 land grants Cadillac made to private individuals from March 1707 to June 1710.

Dusable

Settler who at first agreed to use his own resources to help Sabrevois repair Fort Ponchartrain. Others talked him and two others out of this.

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Glossary:
Algonquin

General term used to describe Native Americans of the following tribes (and others): Delaware, Fox, Huron, Miami, Ojibwa (Chippewa), Ottawa, Potawatomi, Sac, Shawnee and Winnebago.
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Glossary:
arquebus

A 39 pound (approximate) musket that two men would prop on a tri-pod and fire with a small torch. The arquebus was used by Champlain's men against the Iroquois to defend the Hurons. This may be the cause of decades of Iroquois abuse of the Hurons.
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Glossary:
clay and wattle

Building technique used in the construction of chimneys in the early days of Fort Ponchartrain. The technique involved piling sticks and packing them - inside and out - with clay and mud.
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Glossary:
Colbertism

Name for early French mercantilism in America, which Jean-Baptiste Colbert was influential in developing.
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Glossary:
conges

Trade permits issued by the Canadian government/court of France in the late 1600s to early 1700s.
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Glossary:
coureurs de bois

Very early French inhabitants of the current US and Canada who gave up their farmsteads for lives in the fur trade. They often lived with Native Americans.
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Glossary:
District of Hesse

Land district provisioned by the Canadian Council on July 24, 1788. The area was on the east side of the Detroit River.
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Glossary:
Fox

"Properly ""Mesh-kwa-ki-hug"". Native American tribe living in the area between Saginaw Bay and Thunder Bay at the time Detroit was founded. The French called the tribe Renyard. An allied tribe of the Sacs and Mascoutin."
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Glossary:
Huron

A Native American tribe that built a village near Fort Ponchartrain.
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Glossary:
Iroquoian

General term sometimes used to describe Native Americans of the following tribes: Cayuga, Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, and Seneca.
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Glossary:
Iroquois

"A Native American tribe known for antagonizing and brutalizing the Hurons (see also arquebus)"
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Glossary:
Mascouten

Native American tribe living in the Grand Traverse Bay area at the time Detroit was founded. An allied tribe of the Foxes and Sacs. Also spelled Mascoutin.
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Glossary:
Miami

A Native American tribe that built a village near Fort Ponchartrain.
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Glossary:
Muskhogean

General term used to describe Native Americans of the following tribes: Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, and Creek.
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Glossary:
New York Currency

First standard currency used in Detroit (first used in 1765).
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Glossary:
Ottawa

A Native American tribe that built a village near Fort Ponchartrain.
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Glossary:
Outagamies

Native American tribe living in the Grand Traverse Bay area at the time Detroit was founded. An allied tribe of the Foxes (and Sacs?).
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Glossary:
Plains Indians

General term used to describe Native Americans of the following tribes: Apache, Arapaho, Cheyenne, Comanche, Kiowa, and Pawnee (Pani).
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Glossary:
Potawatomi

A Native American tribe that built a village near Fort Ponchartrain.
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Glossary:
Quebec Act

Act of June 22, 1774, in which British Parliament decides to exercise English law in criminal cases and old French provincial law in civil cases in western settlements. The idea was to discourage people from settling in the west.
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Glossary:
Renyard

See Fox
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Glossary:
ribbon farms

Original land grants given by Cadillac. The lots were typically around 200 feet wide at the river front, with lengths up to 3 miles.
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Glossary:
Sac

See Sauk
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Glossary:
Sakis

See Sauk
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Glossary:
Sauk

Native American tribe living in the area between Saginaw Bay and Thunder Bay at the time Detroit was founded. The French called the tribe Sakis; English and Americans generally call them Sacs. An allied tribe of the Foxes/Renyards and Mascouten.
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Glossary:
Shoshonean

General term used to describe Native Americans of the following tribes: Bannock and Shoshone.
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Glossary:
Treaty of Montreal

Treaty ending the war between the Iroquois and France and England. Negotiations began in July of 1698 and the treaty was signed in August of 1701.
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Glossary:
Treaty of Ryswick

September 20, 1697 treaty ending war between France and England.
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Glossary:
voyageurs

Early French explorers who traveled mainly by water.